Heap-based buffer overflow in the string_vformat function in string.c in Exim before 4.70 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via an SMTP session that includes two MAIL commands in conjunction with a large message containing crafted headers, leading to improper rejection logging.
In version from 3.0.0 to 3.5.3 of Eclipse Vert.x, the WebSocket HTTP upgrade implementation buffers the full http request before doing the handshake, holding the entire request body in memory. There should be a reasonnable limit (8192 bytes) above which the WebSocket gets an HTTP response with the 413 status code and the connection gets closed.
A buffer overflow vulnerability exist in the web-based GUI of Schneider Electric’s Pelco Sarix Professional in all firmware versions prior to 3.29.67 which could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code.
A heap-based buffer overflow flaw was found in libtiff in the handling of TIFF images in libtiff’s TIFF2PDF tool. A specially crafted TIFF file can lead to arbitrary code execution. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to confidentiality, integrity, as well as system availability.
The patch for CVE-2020-17380/CVE-2020-25085 was found to be ineffective, thus making QEMU vulnerable to the out-of-bounds read/write access issues previously found in the SDHCI controller emulation code. This flaw allows a malicious privileged guest to crash the QEMU process on the host, resulting in a denial of service or potential code execution. QEMU up to (including) 5.2.0 is affected by this.
A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved validation. This issue is fixed in iOS 14.4.1 and iPadOS 14.4.1, Safari 14.0.3 (v. 14610.4.3.1.7 and 15610.4.3.1.7), watchOS 7.3.2, macOS Big Sur 11.2.3. Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to arbitrary code execution.
A flaw was found in binutils readelf 2.35 program. An attacker who is able to convince a victim using readelf to read a crafted file could trigger a stack buffer overflow, out-of-bounds write of arbitrary data supplied by the attacker. The highest impact of this flaw is to confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
A vulnerability in the software-based SSL/TLS message handler of Cisco Firepower Threat Defense (FTD) Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to trigger a reload of an affected device, resulting in a denial of service (DoS) condition. The vulnerability is due to insufficient validation of SSL/TLS messages when the device performs software-based SSL decryption. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted SSL/TLS message through an affected device. SSL/TLS messages sent to an affected device do not trigger this vulnerability. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to cause a process to crash. This crash would then trigger a reload of the device. No manual intervention is needed to recover the device after the reload.
Mikrotik RouterOs before 6.46.5 (stable tree) suffers from a memory corruption vulnerability in the /nova/bin/traceroute process. An authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service due via the loop counter variable.